ZnAl LDH-based Derivative Materials as Photocatalysts: Synthesis, Characterization, and Catalytic Performance in Tetracycline Degradation

Rohmatullaili, Nur Ahmad, Desti Erviana, Zultriana, Dila Savira, Risfidian Mohadi, Aldes Lesbani

Abstract

Layered Double Hydroxide (LDH)-derived materials exhibited different characteristics from LDH precursors. The conversion of ZnAl LDH into its derivative material has been carried out to find the best catalyst for TC degradation. ZnAl (LDH)-based catalysts in this study have been effectively synthesized using coprecipitation, calcination, and restacking procedures. ZnAl Layered Double Oxide (LDO) is derived from the calcination of ZnAl LDH at 500°C. ZnAl LDH was also modified by adding Garcinia mangostana pericarp extract (GME). XRD, FT-IR, UV-DRS, and SEM-EDX were used to investigate the synthesized catalyst. ZnAl LDH exhibited the typical LDH FT-IR spectra, whereas ZnAl LDO showed metal oxide-like spectra, and the ZnAl-GME composite displayed the combination spectra of precursor material. The ZnAl LDH XRD diffraction pattern exhibited the attributes of a layered material, whereas the other three catalysts did not. Calcination destroyed the layered structure of ZnAl LDH, whereas the addition of GME to LDH and LDO generated a single-layered composite. The modified ZnAl-GME composite showed a decrease in both particle size and bandgap energy. At an ideal pH of 5, the synthesized catalyst was used in a batch system photodegradation of 5 mg/L Tetracycline (TC), employing solar light irradiation. ZnAl LDO holds the most significant catalytic activity and structural stability through the fifth regeneration cycle, degraded TC up to 100% in 90 minutes.

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Authors

Rohmatullaili
rohmatullaili_uin@radenfatah.ac.id (Primary Contact)
Nur Ahmad
Desti Erviana
Zultriana
Dila Savira
Risfidian Mohadi
Aldes Lesbani
Author Biographies

Rohmatullaili, Doctoral Program, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

1Doctoral Program, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, UIN Raden Fatah Palembang, Palembang, 30252, Indonesia

Nur Ahmad, Research Center of Inorganic Materials and Complexes, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

1Doctoral Program, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

4Research Center of Inorganic Materials and Complexes, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

Risfidian Mohadi, Magister of Material Science, Graduate Program, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

1Doctoral Program, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

4Research Center of Inorganic Materials and Complexes, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

Aldes Lesbani, Magister of Material Science, Graduate Program, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

1Doctoral Program, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

3Magister of Material Science, Graduate Program, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

4Research Center of Inorganic Materials and Complexes, Universitas Sriwijaya, Palembang, 30139, Indonesia

Rohmatullaili, Ahmad, N., Erviana, D., Zultriana, Savira, D., Mohadi, R., & Lesbani, A. (2024). ZnAl LDH-based Derivative Materials as Photocatalysts: Synthesis, Characterization, and Catalytic Performance in Tetracycline Degradation. Science and Technology Indonesia, 9(2), 457–469. https://doi.org/10.26554/sti.2024.9.2.457-469

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