Catalytic Oxidative Desulfurization of Dibenzothiophene by Composites Based Ni/Al-Oxide

Nur Ahmad, Alfan Wijaya, Amri, Erni Salasia Fitri, Fitri Suryani Arsyad, Risfidian Mohadi, Aldes Lesbani

Abstract

In the present study, composite layer double hydroxide-metal oxide (Ni/Al-TiO2 and Ni/Al-ZnO) was successfully prepared and used as catalyst of oxidative desulfurization of dibenzothiophene. Characterization of catalyst was used XRD, FTIR, and SEM-EDS. The structure of Ni/Al-LDH, TiO2, and ZnO in composite Ni/Al-TiO2 and Ni/Al-ZnO was consistent, which also indicated that the preparation of composite did not change the form of precursors. FTIR spectra of Ni/Al-TiO2 and Ni/Al-ZnO absorption band at 3398, 1639, 1339, 832, 731, and 682 cm−1. The catalysts have an irregular structure, TiO2 and ZnO adhere to the surface of Ni/Al LDH. The percent mass of Ti and Zn on the composite at 29.3% and 18.2%, respectively. The acidity of Ni/Al LDH increased after being composited with TiO2 and ZnO. The optimum reaction time, dosage catalyst, and temperature were 30 min, 0.25 g, and 50°C, respectively, and n-hexane as a solvent. The percentage conversion of dibenzothiophene on Ni/Al-LDH, TiO2, ZnO, Ni/Al-TiO2, and Ni/Al-ZnO were 99.44%, 91.92%, 95.36%, 99.88%, and 99.90%, respectively. The catalysts are heterogeneous system and the advantage is that can be used for reusability. After 3 times catalytic reactions, the conversion of dibenzothiophene still retains more than 80%, even Ni/Al-TiO2 and Ni/Al-ZnO composites still 97.79% and 98.99%, respectively.

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Authors

Nur Ahmad
Alfan Wijaya
Amri
Erni Salasia Fitri
Fitri Suryani Arsyad
Risfidian Mohadi
Aldes Lesbani
aldeslesbani@pps.unsri.ac.id (Primary Contact)
Ahmad, N., Wijaya, . A. ., Amri, Fitri, E. S. ., Arsyad, F. S. ., Mohadi, R. ., & Lesbani, A. . (2022). Catalytic Oxidative Desulfurization of Dibenzothiophene by Composites Based Ni/Al-Oxide. Science and Technology Indonesia, 7(3), 385–391. https://doi.org/10.26554/sti.2022.7.3.385-391

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