The Capability of Biochar-Based CaAl and MgAl Composite Materials as Adsorbent for Removal Cr(VI) in Aqueous Solution

Novie Juleanti, Neza Rahayu Palapa, Tarmizi, Nurlisa Hidayati, Bunga Indah Putri, Aldes Lesbani

Abstract





The development of layered double hydroxide materials into composites with carbon-based materials in the form of CaAl-Biochar and MgAl-Biochar has been successfully carried out. The success parameters of the preparation process include XRD, FT-IR, Adsorption-Desorption N2, SEM, and TG-DTA. The success through XRD is evidenced by the appearance of the typical diffraction peaks of double-layer hydroxy around 2???? = 11°(003), 20°(006), and 60°(113). In addition, there is diffraction around 22°(002) which is the typical diffraction of biochar. FT-IR analysis showed successful preparation in the presence of functional groups around 1381cm−1 which indicated nitrate vibrations from double-layer hydroxy. Another spectrum that also appears on 1103 cm−1 is a characteristic of biochar (???? Si-O-Si). Adsorption-Desorption N2 analysis showed that the surface area data of 2 −1 2 −1 CaAl-Biochar was greater than MgAl-Biochar, which were 150.987 m .g and 111,404 m .g , respectively. The adsorption capacity of CaAl-Biochar reached 588.235 mg.g−1 and 426.316 mg.g−1 for MgAl-Biochar. The adsorbent materials of CaAl, MgAl, Biochar, CaAl-Biochar, and MgAl-Biochar tend to follow the Langmuir isotherm model with adsorption processes that tend to be spontaneous. The results of regeneration of the composite material lasted up to 5 cycles. The first cycle of CaAl-Biochar reached 96.647% to 82.666% in the last cycle, while MgAl-Biochar reached 90.885% in the first cycle to 73.454% in the last cycle.





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Authors

Novie Juleanti
Neza Rahayu Palapa
Tarmizi
Nurlisa Hidayati
Bunga Indah Putri
Aldes Lesbani
aldeslesbani@pps.unsri.ac.id (Primary Contact)
Juleanti, N., Palapa, N. R., Taher, T., Hidayati, N., Putri, B. I. ., & Lesbani, A. (2021). The Capability of Biochar-Based CaAl and MgAl Composite Materials as Adsorbent for Removal Cr(VI) in Aqueous Solution. Science and Technology Indonesia, 6(3), 196–203. https://doi.org/10.26554/sti.2021.6.3.196-203

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