Structural Stability of Ni/Al Layered Double Hydroxide Supported on Graphite and Biochar Toward Adsorption of Congo Red

Patimah Mega Syah Bahar Nur Siregar, Neza Rahayu Palapa, Alfan Wijaya, Erni Salasia Fitri, Aldes Lesbani

Abstract

In this research, Ni/Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) was modified by using co-precipitation method to generate Ni/Al-graphite (Ni/Al-GF) and Ni/Al-biochar (Ni/Al-BC). The adsorbents were applied to remove Congo Red from aqueous solution. The obtained samples were characterized by using XRD, FTIR, BET and TG-DTA. The XRD diffraction pattern of Ni/Al LDH, Ni/Al-GF, and Ni/Al-BC presented the formation of composite with decreasing crystallinity. The surface area modified LDHs was higher than the pristine materials, which was obtained 15.106 m2/g, 21.595 m2/g and 438.942 m2/g for Ni/Al-LDH, Ni/Al-GF, Ni/Al-BC respectively. The adsorption of Congo Red on the materials was tested at dierent parameters and the results exhibited that Congo Red adsorption on LDHs were pseudo-first-order (PFO) kinetic, spontaneous, endothermic and followed Langmuir model. The adsorbents removed Congo Red by high performance stability with adsorption capacity was 116.297 mg/g for Ni/Al-GF and 312.500 mg/g for Ni/Al-BC. These adsorption capacity was higher than the pristine LDH (61.728 mg/g). The regeneration process which carried out for five cycles showed that Ni/Al-GF and Ni/Al-BC have stable structures as reuse adsorbents for Congo Red from aqueous solution.

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Authors

Patimah Mega Syah Bahar Nur Siregar
patimamega@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Neza Rahayu Palapa
Alfan Wijaya
Erni Salasia Fitri
Aldes Lesbani
Siregar, P. M. S. B. N., Palapa, N. R., Wijaya, A., Fitri, E. S., & Lesbani, A. (2021). Structural Stability of Ni/Al Layered Double Hydroxide Supported on Graphite and Biochar Toward Adsorption of Congo Red. Science and Technology Indonesia, 6(2), 85–95. https://doi.org/10.26554/sti.2021.6.2.85-95

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