Hydrochar and Humic Acid as Template of ZnAl Layered Double Hydroxide for Adsorption of Phenol

Muhammad Badaruddin, Nur Ahmad, Erni Salasia Fitri, Aldes Lesbani, Risfidian Mohadi

Abstract

The adsorbents potential ZnAl-LDH, ZnAl-Hydrochar, and ZnAl-Humic acid were prepared using the coprecipitation method. The adsorbents were characterization by XRD, FTIR, and BET analysis. XRD peaks of ZnAl-LDH at 10.29°, 20.07°, 29.59°, 32.12°, 34.02°, 48.06°, and 60.16°. The FTIR absorption peak was observed at 3400-3500 cm−1, 1600-1700 cm−1, 1381 cm−1, 1000 cm−1, 500-700 cm−1. All adsorbents exhibited N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms type IV classified as a mesoporous structure (pore size= 2-50 nm). The surface areas of composites were higher than LDH and following order: ZnAl-Hydrochar > ZnAl-Humic acid > ZnAl-LDH. The kinetic parameter showed the pseudo-second-order kinetics model. The maximum adsorption capacity of ZnAl-LDH, ZnAl-Hydrochar, and ZnAl-Humic acid were 48.077 mg/g, 90.090 mg/g, 94.340 mg/g, respectively; with Freundlich isotherm model. Reusability after 5 times of ZnAl-LDH, ZnAl-Hydrochar, and ZnAl-Humic acid in the range 49.81-0.890%, 95.92-9.84%, and 70.02-5.72%, respectively. The adsorbent can be used up to 3 times.

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Authors

Muhammad Badaruddin
Nur Ahmad
Erni Salasia Fitri
Aldes Lesbani
Risfidian Mohadi
risfidian.mohadi@unsri.ac.id (Primary Contact)
Badaruddin, M., Ahmad, N., Salasia Fitri, E., Lesbani, A., & Mohadi, R. (2022). Hydrochar and Humic Acid as Template of ZnAl Layered Double Hydroxide for Adsorption of Phenol. Science and Technology Indonesia, 7(4), 492–499. https://doi.org/10.26554/sti.2022.7.4.492-499

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